The Fall of Arthur - J.R.R. Tolkien, J.R.R. Tolkien

I was surprised at how much I enjoyed The Fall of Arthur. I’ve never been a fan of Tolkien as poet and, as a rule, skim through the examples that crop up in his prose or that are reproduced in the History of Middle-earth volumes. But I was intrigued by the subject and by what Tolkien may have made of the Matter of Britain (Sir Gawain and the Green Knight doesn’t count since it’s a translation of an existing poem).


Unfortunately, The Fall of Arthur is incomplete. Tolkien only completed four cantos (in several versions which Christopher Tolkien exhaustively presents) but what’s there suggests an original retelling of the war between Arthur and his son Mordred. The first cantos opens with Arthur fighting in the unmapped east when he learns of Mordred’s treachery; the second introduces Arthur’s son, his motivations for rebellion, and the queen and her motivations; the third cantos takes us to Lancelot, who languishes in Benwick mourning his fate; the fourth cantos describes Arthur’s initial landing at Romney in Kent and the ensuing battle with the rebels.


I was especially interested in Tolkien’s portrayal of Guinever. As I read the poem, she’s a cold, grasping, shallow woman who even in the face of the ruin of the king’s dreams shows no remorse:


/ His heart returned

To its long thralldom / lust-tormented,

To Guinever the golden / with gleaming limbs,

As fair and fell / as fay-woman

In the world walking / for the woe of men

No tear shedding….


In her blissful bower / on bed of silver

Softly slept she / on silken pillows

With long hair loosened, / lightly breathing,

In fragrant dreams / fearless wandering,

Of pity and repentance / no pain feeling,

In the courts of Camelot / queen and peerless,

Queen unguarded….

(II.25-30, 32-38)


/ But cold silver

Or glowing gold / greedy-hearted

In her fingers taken / fairer thought she,

More lovely deeming / what she alone treasured

Darkly hoarded. / Dear she loved him

With love unyielding, / lady ruthless

Fair as fay-woman / and fell-minded

In the world walking / for the woe of men….


From war she shrank not, / might her will conquer,

Life both and love / with delight keeping

To wield as she wished / while the world lasted;

But little liked her / lonely exile,

Or for love to lose / her life’s splendour.

In sorrow they parted. / With searing words

His wound she probed / his will searching.

Grief bewrayed her / and greed thwarted;

The shining sun / was sudden shaded

In storm of darkness…. / In pain they parted….

(III.49-56, 97-106, 109)


I would recommend this for the Tolkien and/or Arthurian lit reader.